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Systematic review steps
Systematic reviews involve several steps, as librarians we can help with steps 3 and 5. For Step 3, literature searching, librarians can help with principles of searching.
- Planning your review
- Performing scoping searches, identifying review question and writing protocol
- Literature Searching
- Screening titles and abstracts
- Obtaining papers
- Selecting full text articles
- Data extraction
- Quality assessment
- Analysis and synthesis
- Writing up, editing and disseminating
Doing a Systematic Review
Ten steps for undertaking systematic reviews from: Boland, A.,Cherry, G.and Dickson, R. eds (2017) Doing a systematic review. 2nd ed. Los Angeles:Sage (Classmark: Y 11R BOL).
Librarians can also help advise on the best use of the University’s supported referencing software for managing and organising references.
Prospero: Register your systematic review
PROSPERO is an international database of prospectively registered systematic reviews in health and social care. Key features from the review protocol are recorded and maintained as a permanent record. PROSPERO aims to provide a comprehensive listing of systematic reviews registered at inception to help avoid unplanned duplication and enable comparison of reported review methods with what was planned in the protocol.
Consider registering your systematic review and also searching to see whether a systematic review on your prospective topic has also been registered in order to avoid duplicating research.
PROSPERO currently includes systematic reviews of the effects of interventions and strategies to prevent, diagnose, treat, and monitor health conditions, for which there is a health related outcome.
The long-term aim is to include details of all ongoing systematic reviews that have a health related outcome in the broadest sense (for example, reviews of risk factors and genetic associations).
What are systematic reviews?