Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Systematic Reviews: Screening & Extraction

Advanced Searching

Reference Management Tools

Endnote at Stirling

With EndNote, you can: import references directly from literature databases; organise and manage references; and format bibliographies and manuscripts.

Retraction Watch database

Screening & Extraction Tools

  • Covidence
    • Subscription service (free to those conducting a Cochrane Review)
    • You can register for a free trial that gives you a full-featured version for up to 500 records of your own data
    • Can import citations, facilitate screening titles, abstracts and full-text, populate risk of bias tables, assist with data extraction, and export to common formats



  • Abstrackr
    • From Brown University, free, open-source software 
    • Semi-automated abstract screening for systematic reviews
    • Upload your abstracts (from Endnote or other Reference Managers, invite reviewers and get screening


  • EPPI-Reviewer
    • Subscription service
    • Ssoftware for all types of literature review, including systematic reviews, meta-analyses, 'narrative' reviews and meta-ethnographies



Extract data from charts